Autograph Manuscript – manuscript of a musical work in the composer’s hand
Copyist Manuscript – manuscript made by a composer’s copyist (often a student or assistant)
Sketch/Fragment – partial manuscript of a composition, often representing alternate or incomplete versions of a work; the work may exist in complete manuscript or edition elsewhere, or remain unrealized
Facsimile Edition – Scanned reproductions of a manuscript, often with introductory notes
Urtext Edition – A modern edition of earlier music that purports to present the original musical text without editing or editorial emendation
First Edition – The first printing of a work (often for publication or performance; in modern notation); occasionally published during the composer’s lifetime; often followed by second editions and reprintings
Critical Edition – An edition of the work based on scholarly evaluation and collation of all existing sources
Performing Edition – Edited score meant to eliminate extraneous editorial marking for the performer
Useful resources on manuscripts and editions:
Grove Dictionary articles: “Editing” and “Editions”
Public Domain (PD): Applies to works that have fallen out of copyright and may be freely downloaded, distributed, etc.
Non-Public Domain (Non-PD): Applies to works that remain under copyright.
*Copyright laws vary from country to country. See IMSLP’s statement here.
n.d. = No Date (used for undated manuscript scores)
Foreign terms frequently encountered in editions:
Ausgabe – German word for “edition” (Neue Mozart-Ausgabe = New Mozart Edition)